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Cowpeas For Turkey & Deer Food Plots
Cowpeas, also known as field peas, are an annual legume forage
planting for deer and attracts turkeys in the seedling stage. These legumes should
be rotated with other crops to prevent nematode intervention. Cowpeas are
one of the most popular crops to plant in the South to attract
turkey and deer to food plots. These annual legumes grow well on the
sandy infertile soils as well as the richer clay soils with little
preparation. One of the easiest forage crops to plant either in
rows, broadcast plots or in favorite mixes. Cowpeas are planted in
April through September 50 to 60 lbs per acre. Good germination can be in three to seven days.
Turkeys will pull up the earliest seedlings
and the plants that fully mature will attract insects that turkeys
depend upon for their diet. Deer will feed on the crop from the
early seedling stage on through maturity. Cowpeas are generally
planted at the rate of about 60 lb. per acre depending upon
broadcast or row planting and at the rate of 3 to 5 lbs. per 1000 sq. ft.
Adding some fertilizer in the beginning will help increase
productivity in low fertility soils.